A glossary of definitions for terms relating to biodiversity, ecosystems services and conservation.
All definitions are referenced, where possible preference has been given to internationally recognised definitions (for example those defined by international conventions or agreements). The terms have been chosen to support understanding of biodiversity and conservation issues, and terms relating to biodiversity loss are complemented by those relating to conservation responses supported by international conservation organisations, governments, scientists and business sectors.
More detailed explanations are provided for a number of key terms, to provide further background information.
The terms can be filtered by category to aid in the navigation of the many definitions.
A set of 17 goals that build on the Millennium Development Goals and form one of the main outcomes of the Rio +20 Conference. The Sustainable Development Goals sit at the heart of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations member states in 2015, and provide a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future.
SDG 14 and SDG 15 have specific relevance to biodiversity:
Life on Land (SDG 15): Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Division for Sustainable Development (2014)1