“The restoration of natural processes and genetic, demographic, or ecological parameters of a population or species, with regard to its state at the initiation of the recovery activities. It also refers to its past local abundance, structure and dynamics, to resume its ecological and evolutionary role, and the consequent improvement regarding habitat quality.

The Green Status assesses species against three essential facets of recovery:

  • A species is fully recovered if it is present in all parts of its range, even those that are no longer occupied but were occupied prior to major human impacts/disruption;
  • It is viable (i.e., not threatened with extinction) in all parts of the range;
  • It is performing its ecological functions in all parts of the range”.
Akçakaya et al. (2020) 1