Very large regions of coastal, benthic or pelagic ocean across which biotas are internally coherent at higher taxonomic levels, as a result of a shared and unique evolutionary history. Realms have high levels of endemism, including unique taxa at generic and family levels in some groups. Driving factors behind the development of such unique biotas include water temperature, historical and broadscale isolation, and the proximity of the benthos.
Spalding et al. (2007) 1
References & Websites
- Spalding M.D. et al (2007). Marine Ecoregions of the World: A Bioregionalization of Coastal and Shelf Areas. BioScience, Vol. 57, No. 7: 573-583