A glossary of definitions for terms relating to biodiversity, ecosystems services and conservation.
All definitions are referenced, where possible preference has been given to internationally recognised definitions (for example those defined by international conventions or agreements). The terms have been chosen to support understanding of biodiversity and conservation issues, and terms relating to biodiversity loss are complemented by those relating to conservation responses supported by international conservation organisations, governments, scientists and business sectors.
More detailed explanations are provided for a number of key terms, to provide further background information.
The terms can be filtered by category to aid in the navigation of the many definitions.
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC)
An international convention that aims to establish a programme of exercises for oil pollution response organizations and training of relevant personnel. It also calls on the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) to develop a comprehensive training programme in cooperation with interested governments and industry. It was adopted in 1990 and entered into force in 1995.
Its biodiversity relevance stems from the highly detrimental effect that oil pollution can have on marine and coastal organisms, therefore by improving the response to oil pollution events the Convention contributes towards the maintenance of marine and coastal biodiversity.