A glossary of definitions for terms relating to biodiversity, ecosystems services and conservation.
All definitions are referenced, where possible preference has been given to internationally recognised definitions (for example those defined by international conventions or agreements). The terms have been chosen to support understanding of biodiversity and conservation issues, and terms relating to biodiversity loss are complemented by those relating to conservation responses supported by international conservation organisations, governments, scientists and business sectors.
More detailed explanations are provided for a number of key terms, to provide further background information.
The terms can be filtered by category to aid in the navigation of the many definitions.
International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (Whaling Convention)
An international convention that aims to provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry. It contains a provision that the utilization of whale stocks should be based on "scientific findings" so that optimum levels of whale stocks could be achieved and maintained. It was signed in 1946 and is the founding document of the International Whaling Commission (IWC), which was formed to regulate the industry.