A glossary of definitions for terms relating to biodiversity, ecosystems services and conservation.
All definitions are referenced, where possible preference has been given to internationally recognised definitions (for example those defined by international conventions or agreements). The terms have been chosen to support understanding of biodiversity and conservation issues, and terms relating to biodiversity loss are complemented by those relating to conservation responses supported by international conservation organisations, governments, scientists and business sectors.
More detailed explanations are provided for a number of key terms, to provide further background information.
The terms can be filtered by category to aid in the navigation of the many definitions.
Biodiversity-based products result from the collection, production or transformation of biological resources. They are found in industries as varied as food and beverage, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, paper, textiles, energy, and handicrafts. Services based on biodiversity are those that derive value from genetic resources, species and ecosystems, such as nature-based tourism, pollination, and water treatment. The sustainable production, use and trade of biodiversity-derived products and services provide developing countries with valuable opportunities for biodiversity conservation, poverty reduction, economic diversification, value addition, improved livelihoods, and the empowerment of vulnerable groups, including women and ethnic minorities.