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Socio-cultural values

Many areas designated and identified for biodiversity protection also incorporate certain social, economic and cultural values. For a business operating in or near such areas it is important to know to whom the area is important and with whom consultations should take place to ensure the integrity of these values are maintained, and ideally supported. Each area should be assessed on an individual basis through stakeholder consultation. However, there are some generic differences among the areas in the types of values likely to be encountered based on the criteria used for the identification and designation of each area. The following table categorises areas based on whether socio-cultural values are a key criteria, one of a number of criteria, not explicitly mentioned but possibly present or unlikely. These values include those based on traditional rights and practices of local communities; non-industrial local resource use; and global, national or local cultural and non-use values associated with areas.

Socio-cultural value of areas

Criteria Name of area
Recognition of traditional practices, cultural values, rights and involvement of local/indigenous communities in protection, use and management..
.is the key criteria or management objective for the area Sacred Natural Sites
Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas
Biosphere Reserves
IUCN management category V and VI
.is explicitly mentioned in the criteria and/or management regime for the site World Heritage Sites (cultural)
High Conservation Value Areas (cultural / traditional values)
Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance (cultural / traditional values)
Marine Protected Areas (use value)
Ramsar Sites (use value)
IUCN management category II (tourism) and III (cultural)
Pan Parks (tourism)
.is not explicitly mentioned within the criteria or management regime for the site Natura 2000
Emerald Sites
ASEAN Heritage Parks
Key Biodiversity Areas, Important Bird Areas, Important Plant Areas
Alliance for Zero Extinction sites
Biodiversity Hotspots
Endemic Bird Areas
Megadiversity countries
Centres of Plant Diversity
Crisis Ecoregions unlikely due to a lack of human presence and intervention at sites IUCN management category Ia and Ib
High Biodiversity Wilderness Areas
Last of the Wild
Intact Forest Landscape